A pair of glasses believed to have belonged to Mahatma Gandhi is set to sell for £10,000 at auction

He was named Father of the Nation after his peaceful struggle to lead India to independence from the British.

Mahatma Gandhi was the architect of a form of non-violent civil disobedience, organizing boycotts against British institutions in a tactic that would influence the world.

The political and spiritual leader has staged 17 hunger strikes during his long campaign for freedom, the longest lasting 21 days.

But less than a year after finally being able to celebrate independence from Britain in 1947, Gandhi was assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse.

He was 78 when he was shot and killed in New Delhi on January 30, 1948 after leading his usual multi-faith prayer group in New Delhi.

Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi at Porbandar in the western Indian state of Gujarat.

In 1883, he was married by his parents to Kasturba Makanji when the young couple was only 13 years old. They then had four children.

Between 1888 and 1891, Gandhi studied law in London before leaving to work as a lawyer in South Africa.

Mahatma Gandhi is pictured, right, alongside Pandit Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister

In 1913 he had led his first non-violent action in the country – the Transvaal March, a protest against the ban on Indian immigration.

Over the next decade, having become the principal moral authority of the Indian National Congress party, Gandhi would call for civil disobedience against the British colonial power.

It was an action that led to his arrest for subversion and he was imprisoned for two years.

After his release, Gandhi led the famous Salt March in 1930, a non-violent protest against the state salt monopoly. The march covered 217 miles from his ashram in Ahmedabad in the northwest to the Indian Ocean before stopping with tens of thousands of people.

Two years later, and again in prison, Gandhi began a series of hunger strikes to protest against the segregation of “untouchables” – the name given to people who were not part of the Indian caste system.

Mahatma Gandhi was the architect of a form of non-violent civil disobedience, organizing boycotts against British institutions in a tactic that would influence the world

Mahatma Gandhi was the architect of a form of non-violent civil disobedience, organizing boycotts against British institutions in a tactic that would influence the world

Mahatma Gandhi was the architect of a form of non-violent civil disobedience, organizing boycotts against British institutions in a tactic that would influence the world

In 1942 Gandhi gave his famous Quit India speech in Mumbai, calling for a general strike to force the British out – only to be arrested and imprisoned again until 1944.

However, his dream came true in 1947 after India declared independence.

His fight for peace did not stop there, and he fought in vain against the partition of Hindus and Muslims into two separate states, India and Pakistan.

On January 30, 1948, less than a year after India gained independence, he was shot dead after leading his usual multi-faith prayer group in New Delhi.

This day is now observed as the day of martyrs in India. It was Gandhi’s sixth assassination attempt and some two million Indians attended his funeral.

The man who shot him, Hindu nationalist Nathuram Vidayak Godse, claimed in court that Gandhi was an impostor, who failed to stand up for the rights of persecuted Hindus during the independence struggle.

Godse and an accomplice were sentenced to death by hanging.

Sarah C. Figueiredo